Proficient User – C1
Understand a wide range of demanding, longer texts, and recognize implicit meaning. Can express him/herself fluently and spontaneously without much obvious searching for expressions. Use language flexibly and effectively for social, academic, and professional purposes. Can produce clear, well-structured, detailed text on complex subjects, showing controlled use of organizational patterns, connectors, and cohesive devices.
Proficient User – C2
I can understand with ease virtually everything heard or read. Can summarize information from different spoken and written sources, reconstructing arguments and accounts in a coherent presentation. Can express him/herself spontaneously, fluently, and precisely, differentiating more delicate shades of meaning even in more complex situations.
Self Assessment Grid
I can understand extended speech even when it is not clearly structured and when relationships are only implied and not signaled explicitly. I can understand television programs and films without too much effort.
I have no difficulty in understanding any kind of spoken language, whether live or broadcast, even when delivered at fast native speed, provided. I have some time to get familiar with the accent.
I can understand long and complex factual and literary texts, appreciating distinctions of style. I can understand technical articles and more extended technical instructions, even when they do not relate to my field.
I can easily read all written language forms, including abstract, structurally, or linguistically complex texts such as manuals, technical articles, and literary works.
I can express myself fluently and spontaneously without much obvious searching for expressions. I can use language flexibly and effectively for social and professional purposes. I can formulate ideas and opinions precisely and relate my contribution skillfully to other speakers.
I can participate effortlessly in any conversation or discussion and am familiar with idiomatic expressions and colloquialisms. I can express myself fluently and convey more delicate shades of meaning precisely. If I have a problem, I can backtrack and restructure around the difficulty so smoothly that other people are unaware of it.
I can present detailed descriptions of complex subjects, integrate sub-themes, developing particular points, and round off with an appropriate conclusion.
I can present a clear, smoothly-flowing description or argument in a style appropriate to the context and with an effective logical structure that helps the recipient to notice and remember significant points.
I can express myself in clear, well-structured text, expressing points of view at some length. I can write about complex subjects in a letter, an essay, or a report, underlining what I consider salient issues. I can select a style appropriate to the reader in mind.
I can write clear, smoothly-flowing text in an appropriate style. I can write complex letters, reports, or articles that present a case with an effective logical structure that helps the recipient to notice and remember significant points. I can write summaries and reviews of professional or literary works.