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Internal differentiation

In pedagogy, internal differentiation is a method for the individual advancement of individual learners. In inhomogeneous learning groups, a teacher tries to optimally support the individual students by means of internal differentiation. The advanced students will then receive more advanced material while students with higher learning needs will be able to catch up.

Background

Uniform teaching no longer meets the different requirements of the individual students in terms of performance and motivation, previous knowledge and interests. This is especially true for inclusive schools with their heterogeneous learning groups. With the help of differentiated teaching, the personal interests and learning needs of the students are taken into account as far as possible. The method of internal differentiation does not aim to turn a heterogeneous class into a learning group with an identical level of knowledge. It understands the diversity of talents, interests and previous knowledge as an opportunity for an inspiring mutual exchange.

Realisation

The concrete implementation of internal differentiation in teaching can take place in various ways: In thematic differentiation, the teacher offers a selection of learning contents of different levels of difficulty, which are adapted to the individual interests and working pace of the students. The methodological differentiation allows the pupils different approaches to the learning content. In addition, the preferred recording channels of the individual learners can be operated by differentiating the media offer in the form of texts, images, graphics or experiments.

The concrete implementation of internal differentiation usually takes place through the formation of smaller working groups or through project work, such as station learning.

Goal

The aim of internal differentiation is to identify individual strengths, compensate for deficits and create a sense of achievement. By learning in smaller learning groups, in practical work or individual work, the pupils are helped to acquire knowledge independently and sustainably and thereby improve their personal learning competence. Ideally, this leads to personal development that enables children and young people to act independently and responsibly in other life situations.

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